Thursday, June 30, 2011

Today's Trivia – Canada, Eh?

Tomorrow is Canada Day, my country’s birthday, so you know what this week’s useless but interesting information will be all about, eh?

- The name "Canada" comes from the Huron and Iroquois word "Kanata" meaning "village".

- Canada is the second largest country in the world with a land mass of 9,976,140 square kilometers. It stretches from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.

- Canada became The Dominion of Canada on July 1st, 1867. It officially became a country in 1982.

- Canada is a constitutional monarchy and a federal state with a democratic parliament.

- The Parliament of Canada is located in Ottawa, Ontario and it consists of the House of Commons (elected) and the Senate (appointed).

- Members of Parliament are elected approximately every 4 years. Elections may be called early or terms can be as long as 5 years. A vote of non-confidence in the government (where the government no longer has the support of 50 percent of the House) may also force an election. Senators are appointed by the Prime Minister and hold their positions until they are 75.

- Canada is a member of many international organizations including NATO, OSCE, OAS, WTO, WHO, UN, NAFTA and APEC.

- Ottawa, located in Ontario, is the capital of Canada

- Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories.

- The first provinces were Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario and Quebec.

- The first prime minister of Canada was Sir John A. Macdonald.

- Canadian national symbols include: Motto: "From sea to sea"; Tree: Maple; Floral emblem: maple leaf; Colours: White and red; Animal: beaver.

- The RCMP (Royal Canadian Mounted Police) is Canada's national police force.

- There are six time zones in Canada: Newfoundland Time Zone, Atlantic Time Zone, Eastern Time, Central Time Zone, Mountain Time Zone, and the Pacific Time Zone.

- Most Canadians live in the southern parts of the country. (Obviously because it's warmer there...)

- Canada's two official languages are English and French.

- There are more than 100 national parks and historic sites in Canada.

- Mountain Ranges include: Torngats, Appalachians, Laurentians, Rocky, Costal, Mackenzie, Mt.St. Elias and the Pelly Mountains.

- At 6050 m above sea level, Mount Logan in the Yukon is Canada's tallest peak.

- Canada has the world's longest coastline. It is 243,792 kilometers (151,485 miles) long.

- There are oceans on three sides of the country: Pacific (west), Atlantic (east) and Arctic (north).

- Nearly one-fourth of all the fresh water in the world is in Canada.

- Canada has one-tenth of the world's forests, and they cover almost half of the country.

- Great Bear Lake is the largest lake in Canada with an area of 31 326 km2.

- The longest river is the Mackenzie River flowing 4241 km through the NWT.

- The main highway system (completed in 1962) is called the Trans-Canada Highway. It is the longest national highway in the world (7,604 kilometers), and extends from St. John's NFLD to Victoria, B.C.

- The flag of Canada has two red bars and a white center - within there being a maple leaf. It was adopted as the National Flag in 1965. (Beforehand, Canada used the Union Jack - the British Flag - for its flag.)

- "O Canada" had served as a de facto national anthem since 1939, officially becoming Canada's national anthem in 1980.

- Canada is one of the largest mining nations in the world, the third largest diamond producing nation in the world and the world's leader in the production of potash and uranium.

- The Canadian dollar is divided into 100 cents (like the American dollar).

- In Canada, $1 and $2 are represented by coins. The $1 coin is called a “loonie”, for the common loon on its reverse, and the $2 coin, carrying a polar bear, is called the “toonie”.

- Toronto is the largest city in Canada.

- 76.6 per cent of Canadians live in cities and towns while 23.4 per cent live in rural areas.

- The average life expectancy of Canadians is 80.7 years.

- All Canadians have free access to a publicly-funded health care system with the exception of dental services.

- Popular sports in Canada include ice hockey, swimming, cross-country and alpine skiing, baseball, tennis, basketball, soccer and golf.

- Lacrosse, a game invented by the native people of Canada, is the country's national summer sport. Hockey is the official winter sport.

- There are no snakes, skunks, deer, raccoons, porcupines or groundhogs in Newfoundland.

- The world's smallest jail is believed to be in Rodney, Ontario, Canada. It is only 24.3 square meters (about 270 square feet). (Just thought I’d throw this in...)


  1. There may be no snakes, skunks, deer, raccoons, porcupines or groundhogs in Newfoundland, but the vast numbers of MOOSE more than make up for them.

  2. Yayyy! Canada Rules!! You forgot to mention that per capita, it's populated with some of the nicest, and most polite (!) people you'll ever hope to meet :)

  3. I second that Jane!

    Lots of good infor here, maybe I'll learn something so I don't suck so much on your next Canada trivia,heehee

  4. You are so right, Debra. I didn't know that until I started putting this trivia together.


    Jane, that is so true! We are indeed nice and polite. I am so proud to be a part of this great country of ours.


    LaelShine, I learned a lot putting together the quiz and this list of trivia. But I've still got a long way to go. There is so much more about this great country of ours.